When there is a sudden and significant decline in the stock prices and other financial assets on the level of an economy, it is often termed a ‘market crash’.
These crashes are usually triggered by a host of microeconomic and macroeconomic factors including but not limited to:
This blog covers some of the most notable U.S. market crashes in world history.
The U.S., considered a global power as early as 1898, experienced multiple economic catastrophes. The Panic of 1792 is the earliest documented financial crisis in U.S. history.
Is the stock market going to crash again? You can never know with certainty. However, if you observe and study these US market crashes, you will notice that they are most often a detrimental mix of a highly volatile stock market, exaggerated stock values, inaccurate speculations, fearful investors, laissez-faire government outlook and weak leadership. Keeping an eye for such indicators would help you with your investments.
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Most market crashes in the US were a result of exaggerated expectations of future growth, shrinking economies, changing consumer behavioural patterns, panic-inducing domestic and global events, lack of transparency, and overvaluation.
They caused economic recessions across the globe. Many investors lost their savings. It adversely affected the standard of living and caused large-scale unemployment as well.
The government responded by cutting interest rates and enacting regulatory measures. It also founded the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to work independently to safeguard the economy against market manipulation.