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List of the Major US Stock Exchanges

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March 24, 2023


What’s Inside

The United States boasts a robust financial market with several major stock exchanges facilitating securities trading. Among the notable exchanges are the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations (NASDAQ), each with distinct characteristics. The Standard and Poor's 500 (S&P 500) index also holds significant influence. In this article, we will delve into the features and uniqueness of these exchanges, shedding light on the dynamic nature of the US stock market.

A List of Top US Stock Exchanges

There are different stock exchanges in the United States. The two significant ones are NYSE and NASDAQ.

New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)

NYSE, established in 1792, is in Manhattan, New York City. In 2007, NYSE merged with the European Stock Exchange, also known as Euronext, creating what is presently known as NYSE.

NYSE constitutes over 2500 stocks, and multiple blue-chip companies appear in the list. To be included in the NYSE list, an organisation must possess 400 shareholders and outstanding shares amounting to $1.1 million. From entrepreneurs to business icons, NYSE offers them an opportunity to raise funds and secure capital.

National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations (NASDAQ)

Nasdaq is one of the most prominent exchanges after the NYSE. Founded in 1971, it gained momentum as a pioneer of electronic exchange, i.e. a computerised system to merge buyers with sellers and vice versa. Today, it caters to some of the largest corporations like Amazon, Apple, Microsoft, and Google, offering lesser lifting fees than the NYSE.

Over the years, NASDAQ emerged as an international marketplace for trading stocks. It lists over 3,300 firms and functions in 29 markets and five central stock depositories in Europe and the United States.

Difference between NYSE & NASDAQ

Though NYSE constitutes the most prominent market capitalisation, NASDAQ lists more companies. NASDAQ also has relatively limited regulations and requirements, making it advantageous for start-ups to join the NASDAQ wagon.

Standard and Poor’s 500(S&P500)

S&P500 comprises the 500 most influential US firms. Founded in 1957, S&P 500 is the first market cap-weighted index; thus, it efficiently captures market sentiments. The index tracks the performance of 500 listed companies. To be a part of the S&P 500 list, a company must meet a market cap of $13.1 billion(with most of the shares owned by the public) and should be a public company for at least a year.

Compared to NASDAQ, the S&P 500 index includes firms beyond the Information Technology sector. While IT forms nearly 60% of the NASDAQ list, it shares only 26% of the S&P 500 list.

Other Stock Exchanges in the US

Many stock exchanges exist in the US stock market, depending on the city they are situated. Check the list of such exchange platforms.

  • The Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT)
  • The Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME)
  • The Philadelphia Stock Exchange (PHLX)
  • The Miami Stock Exchange (MS4X)
  • The Boston Stock Exchange (BSE)
  • The Chicago Stock Exchange (CHX)
  • The Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE)
  • The International Securities Exchange (ISE)
  • The National Stock Exchange (NSX)


The US stock market is a thriving hub for investors, housing renowned exchanges such as NYSE and NASDAQ. While NYSE is distinguished by its long-standing history and prominent blue-chip companies, NASDAQ's electronic trading system and lower listing fees attract various corporations, especially in the technology sector. The S&P 500 index is a benchmark encompassing influential US firms across industries. Beyond these leading exchanges, other notable platforms like CBOT, CME, and PHLX contribute to the diverse financial landscape of the United States.

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. How many stock exchanges are there in the US?

Currently, there are 13 stock market exchanges in the US. Two major ones are NASDAQ and NYSE.

2. What is a stock exchange?

A stock exchange is a platform where traders and stockbrokers can buy or sell bonds, shares of stock, securities, and other financial instruments.

3. What is a regional stock exchange?

In the US, regional stock exchanges refer to exchanges outside the nation's financial capital. Usually, when companies cannot meet the strict requirements of primary listings like the NYSE and NASDAQ, they opt for a regional stock exchange listing.

4. Where are the major stock exchanges in the US?

Both major US stock exchanges that influence the market, NYSE and NASDAQ, are located in New York. Additionally, there are 11 other regional stock market indices across the country.


Investment and securities are subject to market risks. Please read all the related documents carefully before investing. The contents of this article are for informational purposes only, and not to be taken as a recommendation to buy or sell securities, mutual funds, or any other financial products.
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