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How to Calculate Annual Salary?

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How to Calculate Annual Salary?

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Knowing how to calculate your annual salary is a big part of adulting. Where to spend, when to borrow, and being financially independent are directly dependant on your annual income. 

So, let’s have a deeper look at this , and figure out how to calculate your salary per annum

The different classifications of annual salary

One of the vital aspects to keep in mind is that annual salary is expressed in different forms serving various purposes. The 3 principal ones are:

  • CTC – CTC stands for ‘cost to the company’. This represents the annual cost incurred by the employer for your services. CTC contains all the amounts that are paid to you directly, indirect benefits, and the tax deductions or retirement contributions that are made on your behalf. 
  • Gross Salary – The annual gross salary is expressed as the CTC minus the deductions (like tax or provident fund). It includes the fixed components such as basic pay or HRA, and variable components such as bonuses or incentives that may not be paid out on a monthly basis. The gross salary also determines your annual tax liability.
  • Net Salary – The annual net salary depicts your cash inflow per annum. Net salary is arrived at by subtracting all tax deductions (TDS) from your gross salary. This is the final amount that is deposited in your account. It is also known as take-home salary or in-hand salary. 

The components of annual salary

There is no fixed rule or format that dictates what a salary structure should be like. However, the most commonly observed salary components include:

  1. Basic pay – The basic salary accounts for roughly 40 – 50% of a person's annual salary. The amount is often influenced by elements such as education, training, certifications, work experience, role, designation, etc.
  2. House Rent Allowance (HRA) – HRA is a benefit for employees stayed in rented accommodation. This component comes with a tax exemption upon the furnishing of the relevant proofs and rent receipts. HRA is set as a percentage of the basic and is usually 40% of the basic in non-metro cities or 50% of the basic in metro cities.
  3. Leave Travel Allowance (LTA) –  Another allowance that can provide some tax relief is known as LTA. The employer provides this benefit against an employee's (plus family) travel costs.
  4. Conveyance Allowance – Commonly offered by large companies (and for people living in metro cities), the conveyance allowance helps in managing the costs of the daily commutes to and from work.
  5. Special Allowances – Apart from the aforementioned, companies can choose to offer other allowances such as dearness allowance (DA), internet reimbursement, entertainment allowance, etc.
  6. Bonuses – Many employers include bonuses or performance incentives as a form of employee retention and motivation. This falls under the variable component of the annual salary.
  7. Provident Fund and Gratuity – This amount is deducted from your gross salary and deposited with the Employee Provident Fund Organisation as part of your retirement benefits. PF contributions are tax exempted under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. You can choose to increase your individual contribution through the voluntary provident fund option (VPF).

Summing it up

Calculating your annual salary can be done by adding up the total amount of money you earn in a year, including your base salary, bonuses, commissions, and any other forms of compensation. It's important to note that your annual salary may also be affected by deductions such as taxes and insurance, so it's important to take those into account when calculating your salary.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How do you calculate monthly salary from yearly?

 o calculate your monthly salary from your yearly salary in India, you can simply divide your yearly salary by 12. This gives you the amount you earn per month before taxes and other deductions. For example, if your yearly salary is INR 6,00,000, your monthly salary would be INR 50,000 (INR 6,00,000 divided by 12). Keep in mind that this calculation assumes that your salary remains the same throughout the year and doesn’t take into account any bonuses, salary increases, or other forms of compensation. Additionally, it's important to consider any deductions that may be made from your salary such as taxes, EPF, and other benefits before arriving at your take home pay.

2. What is an example of annual salary?

Although there is no prescribed format that employers follow to express the annual salary, here is an example of annual CTC salary that captures the essential salary components within it.


Salary Component 

Amount (per annum)

  1. Basic Pay 

Basic Salary


  1. Allowances

Dearness Allowance

House Rent Allowance

Medical Allowance

Conveyance Allowance

Entertainment Allowance

Overtime Allowance







  1. Gross Salary (A + B)


  1. Direct Benefits 


Sales Incentives



  1. Indirect Benefits 


Food Coupons



  1. Retirement Contributions 

Provident Fund 

(12% of the Basic Salary)


(12% of ₹5,20,000)

  1. Deductions 

Professional Tax

Income Tax (TDS)



  • Total CTC (C + D + E + F)


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