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What is Stamp Duty & Why is it Important?

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May 10, 2023


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For many people, owning or buying a home is a dream come true. However, this goal could easily become a nightmare without adequate information and research. With all the documentation and jargon swirling around, it's easy to become lost in the legalese.

Proper documentation is the most important step in purchasing a home because these papers will be with you for the rest of your life as evidence of your property ownership. This is why the paperwork required in a real estate purchase necessitates a reasonable investment.

The one-time stamp duty and registration charge, which must be paid under Section 3 of the Indian Stamp Duty Act, 1899, once the sale deed of your property is executed, are two of the significant fees that top the list of your additional expenses over the amount offered to you by your dealer.

What Is Stamp Duty?

Stamp duty was implemented in India in the late nineteenth century as a tax on all properties, including leasehold or freehold units, non-agricultural and agricultural land, independent home or villa, commercial units/buildings and residential flats. Because separate state governments levy stamp duty, the rate varies per state. The stamp mark on the property papers serves as a declaration of assumed permission from the authorities and the legal validity of the documents, giving rise to the name of this tax imposition.

Stamp duty prices in India are slightly higher than in most developing, poor and even wealthy countries. Stamp duty in most countries runs from 1% to 5%, while in most of India's main states, the rates exceed 5%.

What Is The Difference Between Non-Judicial And Judicial Stamp Duty?

In India, stamp duties are classified as non-judicial and judicial. Non-judicial costs include stamp duty, which is imposed on all real estate transactions as a one-time payment on the whole value of the agreement. In contrast, judicial stamp duties, or court fees, are charges the court imposes on litigants. States obtain the most stamp duty revenue through conveyance tax or sale deeds.

Stamp Duty And Registration Fees

Despite being paid for the same property value, the reasons for paying and the methods for calculating registration charges and stamp duty differ. The amount of stamp duty you must pay is entirely determined by the transaction value of your property; however, the registration price is a fixed cost that property buyers pay to record a deed or contract in government records.

The government must keep a registry of your documents in exchange for the registration fee you pay. A registration fee is required because it gives your documents legally binding power that they would not have otherwise. The procedure for document registration is also outlined in the Indian Registration Act of 1908.


Stamp duty is an important part of home loan and home purchase procedures in India that every house buyer must consider. Knowing the tax benefits of stamp duty and penalty charges is critical for a stress-free property buying experience.

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is stamp duty, and why pay it?

Stamp duty is a legal tax that must be paid in full and serves as proof of every property acquisition or sale. The levy of stamp duty is a state subject. Hence stamp duty rates differ from state to state. The Centre imposes stamp duty on certain instruments and sets the rates for these instruments.

2. What is the stamp duty for property in India?

In most Indian states, stamp duty ranges from 5% to 7% of the property's total market value, with a registration fee of 1%.

3. What happens if stamp duty is not paid?

Penalty may include late fees or possible imprisonment. Delays in submitting stamp duty for the property will result in a penalty of 2% per month on the Stamp Duty deficit, with a maximum penalty of 200% of the Stamp Duty deficit.

4. What is the stamp value of the property?

The Stamp Act allows state governments to set stamp charges to reflect their policies. Stamp duty costs in Indian states range between 3% and 10% of the property value.


Investment and securities are subject to market risks. Please read all the related documents carefully before investing. The contents of this article are for informational purposes only, and not to be taken as a recommendation to buy or sell securities, mutual funds, or any other financial products.
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