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Navigating the Maze of New Income Tax Rules: Your Essential Guide

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Created on
April 3, 2023


What’s Inside

The income tax rules in India have undergone some major changes in the last few years, especially with the introduction of the new tax regime in 2020 and the subsequent amendments in 2021 and 2023.

These changes have implications for taxpayers of different income levels, age groups, and investment preferences with new slab rates. The new income tax rules for salaried employees aim to simplify the tax filing process, reduce tax evasion, and increase compliance. This blog provides a brief overview of the new income tax rules and how they affect various taxpayers.

Optimise Savings By Comparing New and Old Tax Regimes


New Tax Regime

Old Tax Regime

Tax Rates

Lower rates with 5 slabs (0% - 30%)  

Higher rates with 7 slabs (0% - 37%)  

Basic Exemption Limit

Increased to Rs 3 lakh

Rs 2.5 lakh

Rebate under Section 87A

Increased to Rs 25,000

Rs 12,500

Deductions Allowed

None, except for certain specified ones

Various deductions under Chapter VI-A 

Standard Deduction

Not allowed

Rs 50,000

House Rent Allowance (HRA)

Not allowed


Leave Travel Allowance (LTA

Not allowed


Other Exemptions

Not allowed


Option for Taxpayers



Default Regime (from April 1, 2023)

New Regime

Old Regime  

TDS Deduction

Adjusted according to the new regime

Adjusted according to the old regime 

Key Changes to Know in New Income Tax Rules

Some of the key changes in the new income tax rules that have been introduced in 2023 are as follows:

  • The highest surcharge rate of 37% has now been reduced to 25% for taxpayers with income above Rs 5 crores.
  • The leave encashment exemption on retirement of non-government salaried employees has been now increased from Rs 3 lakhs to Rs 25 lakhs.
  • The investments in debt mutual funds in the new tax regime will be treated as short-term capital gains and taxed at the new slab rate even if they are held for more than three years, subject to the equity exposure being less than 35%.
  • The maturity proceeds of life insurance policies with an annual premium of more than Rs 5 lakhs will be taxable over the premium amount under both regimes.
  • Senior citizens are now allowed to deposit up to Rs 30 lakhs under the senior citizens' savings scheme as compared to the earlier limit of Rs 15 lakhs.

Wrapping Up

The new income tax rules offer relief and challenges for taxpayers. Lower tax rates and higher exemption limits may attract some to opt for the new regime, but they should also consider the loss of deductions and exemptions. Changes in taxation of certain investments and incomes may affect financial planning.

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. What are the key changes in the new income tax rules?

New income tax rules: lower-tax regime from April 1, 2023 with option for old regime; increased rebate for low-income taxpayers; reduced surcharge for high-income earners; higher exemption limits; changes to taxation of some life insurance policies and debt mutual funds.

2. How do these new income tax rules affect different income brackets?

The new rules impact various income groups, with lower income groups being favored in the new regime due to fewer deductions. Higher income groups may benefit from the old regime with more deductions. Careful comparison is necessary before making a choice.

3. Are there any new deductions or credits available under the new rules?

New rules remove existing deductions such as house rent allowance, standard deduction, and housing loan interest limit. However, higher rebates under section 87A apply for income up to Rs 7 lakh with no new deductions added.

4. What steps do I need to take to ensure compliance with the new rules?

Comply with new rules by updating information, filing timely returns, accurately reporting income, and addressing Tax Department notices promptly.

5. How can I optimise my financial strategy under these new income tax rules?

To optimise your financial strategy under the new income tax rules, plan income and expenses to reduce tax liability, review investments based on risk appetite and goals, and consider consulting experts for guidance.


Fi Money is not a bank; it offers banking services through licensed partners and investment services through epiFi Wealth Pvt. Ltd. and its partners. This post is for information only and is not professional financial advice.
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