Let’s face it - the public transport system in urban areas in India cannot support the population wanting to use it. The buses and trains are either too few or too crowded. So, it’s not unusual for some commuters to use their own cars or motorcycles to get to work and back. And if you’ve ever been stopped by the traffic police for a quick document check, then you know that insurance is a must.
This is where third-party car insurance or bike insurance comes to the rescue. This isn’t only important to keep you safe against fines from the traffic police but also generally shields you from the cost implications of getting your vehicle stolen or involved in an accident.
Also called liability insurance or act-only insurance, third-party car insurance is one where the insurance company offers you, the car owner/ driver, coverage against damages that you cause to a third party. The rules of the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, state that it’s compulsory for all two-wheelers and four-wheelers that ply the road to have third-party insurance.
Third-party damages include the damage caused to the third party’s vehicle or property. It also includes the physical injury or death of a third-party person.
So, while driving if you accidentally cause any loss or damage to a third party, the insurance company will bear the liability. A surveyor will be sent to analyse the extent of loss and validate the repair cost. The financial burden will then be borne by your insurer and not you. However, damages to your bike/ car will not be covered.
Let us take a look at the various aspects that make third-party bike insurance and third-party car insurance so important:
Under the Motor Vehicle Act, you need to have third-party insurance for your car or bike. Without a valid policy, you can get into legal trouble and would also have to pay a penalty which can lead to imprisonment as well.
Buying third-party bike insurance online has made the purchase and renewal of policies fairly simple. And the best part is that most insurance companies these days provide all kinds of plans online.
The rates of third-party insurance are governed by the IRDAI and are very reasonable. All insurer companies, both government and public, offer similar prices of premiums depending on the type of vehicle and plan.
For bikes or two-wheelers that were purchased after September 1, 2018, you have to buy third-party liability insurance cover for 5 years. For cars, this period is 3 years. Comprehensive covers provide both own damage and third-party insurance as well.
The premium you need to pay for your bike insurance would depend on the cubic capacity of your bike.
Under third-party insurance, there are two scenarios under which a claim can be made. Let us take a look at both:
If you have accidentally caused some injury to a third party person or damage to a third party property, you need to follow the steps given below:
In case you or your property is damaged because of someone who has a third-party insurance cover, follow the steps given below:
While it’s good to have third-party insurance that covers you financially for a multitude of reasons, there are some exceptions where you cannot claim its benefit.
Since having third-party insurance is compulsory as per law, there are several benefits to it apart from legal requirements and cost protection. If you don’t have one, apart from paying a fine, your licence can also be confiscated, and you can go to prison as well. So, isn’t it better to just pay the premiums rather than going through all these hassles?
When it comes to two-wheeler insurance, you are the first party, the insurer is the second party. Any other person or property apart from these two is the third party. With a third-party bike insurance plan, you protect yourself from the financial and legal liabilities that may arise if you accidentally cause damage or injury to a third party.
Yes, as per the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, it is mandatory for all motorised vehicles to have third-party liability insurance. You can opt for a comprehensive policy which is a combination of the third party and own damage cover.
There is no specified coverage for injury and death. The compensation is given by the company. However, if there is damage to property, the coverage can go up to ₹7.5 lakh. The policyholder will have to bear the amount over this. In case of a personal accident, cover of up to ₹15 lakh can be claimed.