An overdraft account is a credit facility that allows money to be withdrawn from a savings or current account, even if the balance is zero or below. An overdraft facility is a form of credit limit extension provided by banks. The sanctioned limit is considered to be 'overdrawn'.
Each customer is allocated an authorised overdraft limit based on his or her relationship with the bank. The customer may withdraw funds up to the specified amount. Banks impose interest solely on the amount used from the overall sanctioned limit, which is renewed every 12 months.
The interest rate offered by the bank on OD is based only on the amount withdrawn from the entire sanctioned limit. It varies by lender and is determined by the amount of the required overdraft, the account balance in your savings or current account, and your existing relationship with the individual bank.
If you have a savings account with your bank, they may also offer you an overdraft facility. The overdraft limit, minimum EMI amount and relevant interest rate may differ from one bank to the next and from one customer to the next.
Many banks provide overdraft protection to customers with a salary account. The bank overdraft threshold could be up to three times the monthly account amount, subject to the bank's terms and conditions and, among other things, the account holder's salary.
Several banks provide overdrafts against specific life insurance policies (such as traditional policies or endowment plans). The maximum allowable loan-to-value ratio is typically 85% of the eligible insurance policy's surrender value, subject to the bank's terms and conditions.
Some banks additionally provide overdrafts against fixed deposits, allowing eligible depositors to withdraw a specified amount. The overdraft repayment time may differ depending on the bank and the customer's eligibility.
An overdraft facility offers its customers financial flexibility in the form of extended credit lines. A bank overdraft is a type of short-term financing allowing a bank account user to take or spend more money than is available. This credit extension can be utilised to cover an emergency or to meet short-term obligations. But keep in mind that it is a type of debt you owe to the bank that must be paid back along with interest charges on time.
Other financial services and products are available exclusively to salaried individuals. For instance, Fi, and its licensed partner Federal Bank, provides a salary account with many benefits. You get 2% cash back when you shop using Fi — with UPI or Debit Card. 4x Fi-Coins on all your spends via Fi — all of which you can redeem for vouchers, cool merch, etc. Of course, it provides exclusive deals & gift cards from top brands like Amazon, Swiggy & more. Other perks include no minimum balance, a free VISA Platinum debit card with zero forex charges, priority customer service & more.
The types of overdraft accounts are as follows:
The following are the features of an overdraft account: