CST is the MP commercial tax imposed on any sales in inter-state trade within India. Basically, an indirect tax, CST, is passed on to the consumer and has to be paid in the state where the particular product gets sold. CST can be charged on an inter-state transaction only, and a transaction done within state limits or for the export or import of goods is beyond its purview. Moreover, sales to SEZs and foreign missions cannot attract any CST if the items are returned within a period of 180 days from the date of the sale.
CST was an inextricable part of the Indian tax structure and was first implemented in the 6th Constitutional Amendment. It became a principal revenue source for the Indian government and was considered highly critical to the country’s trade & commerce.
CST was imposed by the Government of India in 1957 and falls under the Seventh Schedule’s Union List. However, it is state-administered by the Department of commercial tax MP and is payable in the state where the particular sale happens. Hence, any trader selling goods involving inter-state trade must pay both central and state sales taxes on these transactions. Its provisions cover the following:
The following rules govern traders involved in inter-state selling:
The CST was introduced mainly to streamline and simplify the country’s tax collections, and its principal objectives included the following:
The initial CST was 1% and was later increased to 2%, finally becoming 4% from 1975 onward. However, highly critical goods required for inter-state travel were not taxed to ensure that the prices of such essential commodities would not spiral. Later in the year 2007, the tax was reduced to 3% and 2% in 2008.
Exemptions from CST are applicable in the following cases:
The GST has replaced the CST; this blog has covered its basic features. One can learn more about complex tax terms & figure out personal finance through Fi Money. It is a highly efficient financial management platform that shares information & tools to help you with many financial matters.
This money management platform will help you Know Your Money & Grow Your Money. Fi's AI-powered Analyser can provide insights to help track your expenses: Analyse your spends by Merchants/Brands, Categories (like Food, Entertainment) & by Time (daily/monthly spends). FYI: Fi also provides thoughtful, non-intrusive nudges to help you maximise your savings/investments. Want to know your credit score? The Insights Hub on our Analyser can do that too. This is why over 2.5 million people trust Fi to get a 360-degree view of their money.
The government imposes the CST on a seller, who eventually recovers it from the buyer. The tax is usually extracted from the buyer at the purchase point or while exchanging some specific products as a pre-defined percentage of the product's value.
The "declared goods" come within Section 14 of the CST Act and include all articles, commodities, materials, and all movable properties except actionable claims, newspapers, shares, stocks, and securities.