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What is Budgeting & Why is it Important?

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January 5, 2022


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Ever wondered how you can make the most of your hard-earned money? That's where budgeting comes into play.

Wondering what is budgeting? It's like giving your finances a game plan, ensuring you're not just spending, but actually reaching your goals and dreams. 

To begin, what do you mean by budget? Let's understand it in simple terms. 

What is Budgeting? 

Budgeting is planning how to spend money each month. It aims to track income/expenses, save more, pay off debt, and invest in the future. By following a budget, you control your money and achieve financial goals faster. Having a budget is important for financial well-being and success.

How to Make a Monthly Budget?

Making a monthly budget is easier than you think. All you need is some basic information about your income and expenses, and a way to record them. Here are the steps involved in creating a monthly budget:

Step 1: List your income sources and amounts

This includes your salary, bonuses, tips, commissions, interest, dividends, etc. Add up all your income sources to get your total income for the month.

Step 2: List your fixed expenses and amounts

These are the bills and payments that are the same every month, such as rent, mortgage, utilities, insurance, car payments, student loans, etc. Add up all your fixed expenses to get your total fixed expenses for the month.

Step 3: List your variable expenses and amounts

These are the expenses that vary from month to month, such as groceries, gas, entertainment, clothing, dining out, hobbies, etc. Add up all your variable expenses to get your total variable expenses for the month.

Step 4: Subtract your total expenses from your total income

This is your net income or cash flow. If it is positive, you have a surplus. If it is negative, you have a deficit.

Step 5: Adjust your budget accordingly

If you have a surplus, you can allocate it to savings, debt repayment, or investing. If you have a deficit, you need to reduce your expenses or increase your income.

Importance of Monthly Budgeting  

Once you know how to make a monthly budget, it is also important to know the budget importance and how to use your budget. 

Save more money for your emergency fund, retirement fund, or other financial goals. This will give you more security and peace of mind in case of any unforeseen events or changes in your life.

Pay off your debt faster and reduce your interest payments. This way you free up more cash flow and improve your credit score.

Invest more money in income-generating assets, such as stocks, bonds, real estate, or businesses. This will increase your passive income and help you reach financial independence sooner.


Budgeting is not just a way to manage your money. It is also a way to master your finances and achieve your dreams. By creating and following a monthly budget, you can save more, pay off debt, invest more, and use your budget accordingly. 

Financial Pulse: Analyse Your Monthly Budget via Fi

Fi's AI-powered Analyser can provide insights to help track your expenses: Analyse your spends by Merchants/Brands, Categories & by Time. Fi also provides thoughtful, non-intrusive nudges to help you maximise your savings/investments. Want to know your credit score? The Insights Hub on our Analyser can do that too. This is why over 3 million people trust Fi to get a 360-degree view of their money. 

Frequently Asked Questions 

1. What is the 50-30-20 budget rule?

The 50/30/20 budget rule is a guideline where 50% of your income goes to needs, 30% to wants, and 20% to savings or debt repayment.

2. How to do budgeting for beginners?

Budgeting for beginners involves tracking income and expenses, setting goals, creating categories, allocating money, and adjusting as needed.

3. What are 5 budgeting methods?

Five budgeting methods include zero-based budgeting, envelope system, 60-20-20 budget, incremental budgeting, and priority-based budgeting.

4. What are the 7 simple steps in budgeting?

The 7 simple steps in budgeting are: track income and expenses, set financial goals, create a budget, allocate funds to categories, track spending, review regularly, and make adjustments.


Fi Money is not a bank; it offers banking services through licensed partners and investment services through epiFi Wealth Pvt. Ltd. and its partners. This post is for information only and is not professional financial advice.
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