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How to Calculate PF (Provident Fund) on Salary

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April 27, 2023


What’s Inside

Social security is a cornerstone of modern society, providing protection and support to the people. In India, the legacy of social security protection dates back to 1925, with the passing of the first Provident Fund Act. This act paved the way for a reliable retirement scheme for countless Indians.

If you are an employee in India, a portion of your salary is likely contributed towards the Employees Provident Fund (EPF). As a result, EPF calculation on salary becomes an integral part of payroll management and annual accounting processes. Although it may seem complex at first, the calculation is quite simple.

What is EPF?

The EPF is a retirement scheme introduced by the Employees Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO). It applies to people working in private companies with 20 or more employees.

As per the scheme, a fixed portion of the salary is contributed to the fund each month by both the employee and the employer. Upon retirement, the employee can withdraw a lump sum, including the interest.

EPF Calculation Basics

To understand PF calculation on salary, let’s list down it’s 3 main components:

  • Employee’s Contribution: 12% of Basic Salary, including Dearness Allowance.
  • Employer’s Contribution: 8.33% goes to the Employee Pension Scheme, and 3.67% goes to the employee’s EPF account.
  • Interest: the EPF interest rate is fixed by EPFO. For FY 2022-23, it is fixed at 8.1%.

Step-by-Step Guide on How to Calculate PF on Salary with an Example

To calculate EPF on salary, you will need the following information:

  • Basic salary,
  • Dearness Allowance,
  • Duration of employment,
  • Your current EPF balance (in any), and
  • Existing EPF interest rate.

Once you have all the details, let’s follow these steps for PF calculation on salary:

Step 1: Calculation of Employee’s Contribution

This will be 12% of the salary (basic + dearness allowance). Suppose this salary amount comes to ₹20,000. Then the employee’s contribution will be 12% of ₹20,000, that is ₹2,400.

Step 2: Calculation of Employer’s Contribution

Employer’s contribution will be bifurcated into two parts: (i) ₹734 (3.67% of ₹20,000) to be added to the employee’s fund and (ii) ₹1,666 (8.33% of ₹20,000) which will be contributed to the Employee Pension Scheme.

Step 3: Calculation of Interest

On a total contribution of ₹3,134 (₹2,400 + ₹734), interest will be calculated at 8.1% p.a. Thus, the monthly interest amount will be computed as: ₹3,134 x 8.1%/12 months, which comes to ₹21.15.

If an existing balance exists in your EPF account, it will also be considered for computation of interest. The calculation is done for all the subsequent months similarly.

Benefits of PF Contribution

  1. Retirement Savings: PF contributions serve as a retirement savings fund, ensuring financial security during old age.
  2. Employer Contribution: Employers also contribute to the PF account, increasing the total savings pool.
  3. Tax Benefits: Both employee and employer contributions to the EPF are eligible for tax deductions under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.
  4. Compound Interest: PF accounts earn compound interest, which helps in the growth of savings over time.
  5. Loan Facility: Members can avail of loans against their PF balance for purposes like home buying, education, or medical emergencies.
  6. Early Withdrawals: Partial withdrawals are allowed for specific needs like buying a house, medical treatment, or marriage.
  7. Nomination Facility: Members can nominate family members to receive the accumulated PF corpus in case of the member's demise.
  8. Transferable: PF accounts are portable and can be transferred when changing jobs.
  9. Post-Retirement Income: Members can choose to receive a pension through the Employees' Pension Scheme (EPS) after retirement.

Tax Advantages of PF Contribution

Here are the key tax benefits of contributing to Provident Fund:

  1. Tax Deduction under Section 80C: Employee contributions to the EPF are eligible for a tax deduction under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, up to a maximum limit of ₹1.5 lakh per financial year. This reduces the taxable income, resulting in lower income tax liability.
  2. Tax-Free Interest: The interest earned on the EPF contributions is tax-free. This means that the interest accrued on the PF balance is not subject to income tax.
  3. Tax-Exempt Withdrawals: If an employee withdraws the PF balance after completing five continuous years of service, the withdrawal amount is tax-exempt. However, if the withdrawal is made before five years, it may be taxable.
  4. No TDS on Withdrawals: There is no Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) on PF withdrawals if the withdrawal is made after five years of continuous service.

How to Use a PF Calculator to Calculate PF on Salary

Manually calculating the PF on salary may be cumbersome. 

But why go through the hassle when you can use Fi Money’s PF Calculator instead? With three easy steps, you can quickly get your total retirement corpus. Give it a try! 

Step 1: Enter your present age, retirement age, current salary, and expected growth in salary.

Step 2: Check if any existing EPF balance is available on the EPF portal. If yes, enter the amount.

Step 3: The calculator will automatically consider the applicable interest rate and instantly give you the corpus amount. It’s that simple!

Here’s a snapshot of the Fi Money EPF Calculator: 

Want to Calcuate PF interest? Read this blog to figure out how!


In conclusion, understanding how to calculate PF (Provident Fund) on salary is crucial for both employers and employees alike. It is not only a legal requirement but also a financial planning tool that helps individuals secure their future. By following the steps outlined in this blog, you can ensure accurate PF calculations - Whether you an employee looking to maximize your savings or master the art of PF calculation. And using a PF Calculator makes it easier to determine your PF contribution and retirement corpus. 

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is PF (Provident Fund) in salary?

Provident fund is a retirement savings scheme for Indian employees. The contribution is based on a fixed percentage of their salary. It helps determine how much is deducted from their monthly salary and what portion is being saved for retirement.

2. How to calculate PF on salary step-by-step?

For EPF calculation on salary, begin by adding your basic salary and dearness allowance. Next, calculate your contribution, 12% of the above total. Then, determine your employer's contribution, typically 3.67% of your total salary. Finally, add both contributions together to obtain the total PF amount for your salary.

3. What are the key components, rates, and rules involved in PF calculation on salary?

The key components of PF calculation are employee/employer contributions and interest. As per the rules, EPFO sets the interest rate, which is currently at 8.1%. While an employee contributes 12% of salary + DA, the employer contributes 3.67% to the employee's PF and 8.33% to Employee Pension Fund.

4. When will PF interest be credited?

While EPF contribution is credited to your EPFO account every month, the interest earned on for the year is credited at the end of the financial year. 

5. How much PF is deducted from salary?

The PF deduction from your salary is typically 12% of the basic pay. 

6. What are the benefits of using a PF calculator?

An EPF calculator is a helpful instrument for estimating the future balance in your EPF account upon reaching retirement. 


Fi Money is not a bank; it offers banking services through licensed partners and investment services through epiFi Wealth Pvt. Ltd. and its partners. This post is for information only and is not professional financial advice.
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