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How Employees Benefit From ESOPs

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September 12, 2022


What’s Inside

If you are a salaried employee, the company you work in may, at some point, announce an Employee Stock Option Plan (ESOP) for its employees. Before you decide whether or not to opt for it (in case you are eligible), you might want to know the benefits of ESOPs for employees. 

Often, salaried professionals remain unaware of the advantages of ESOPs, not today. Today, we’re going to take a deep dive into the many ESOP benefits you may get to enjoy. Let’s first take a quick look at what ESOPs are and how they work. 

What Is An ESOP?

An Employee Stock Option Plan or ESOP is a scheme where the employer allocates a portion of the company’s stock to the employees at low or no cost. These allocations are made in the form of stock options, which can be exercised after a specified period known as the vesting period. At the end of this period, if the employee remains with the company, they can exercise their options and purchase the shares of the company at the grant price. 

How Do ESOPs Work?

ESOPs are typically issued by companies that are keen on retaining the talent they have within the firm. Since ESOPs come with a vesting period that is typically at least 1 year long, it encourages eligible employees who are allotted ESOPs to remain with the company and contribute to its growth. 

Say your company allocates ESOPs to you at a grant price of ₹100 per share. Your ESOPs make you eligible to purchase 1,000 shares at the said price after a vesting period of 2 years. So, once you remain with the company for this period, you can choose to exercise your stock options and buy the shares of the company at the grant price.

Now, let’s look at two scenarios to understand when it makes sense to exercise your ESOPs.

Scenario 1: The current market price of the company’s shares is ₹120 per share

In this case, you can exercise your ESOPs to buy the shares of your employing company at a cost that’s lower than the market price.

Scenario 2: The current market price of the company’s shares is ₹70 per share

In this case, you can wait for the market price to rise above the grant price to exercise your ESOPs.

The Benefits Of ESOPs

Now that you know what ESOPs are and how they work, let’s take a closer look at the two key advantages of ESOPs for employees. This way, if your company offers ESOPs, you can make the most of this investment. 

1. Wealth creation

ESOPs help you increase the equity exposure in your personal financial portfolio. And equity has long been considered a good option for investors who want to create wealth long term. While other forms of compensation like a bonus or a financial incentive could be beneficial short term, ESOPs can aid you in your journey to create personal wealth for the future. In case the shares that you purchase appreciate significantly over time, the process of creating generational wealth for your family becomes much easier and quicker. 

2.Ownership & belongingness

Employee stock option plans give you a sense of ownership and belongingness with the company you work in. This is because the productivity that you bring to the table as an employee directly helps the growth of the company, which, in turn, may result in the appreciation of the company’s share value. ESOPs help you cash in on this growth, thereby allowing you to benefit from your hard work indirectly. 

3. Option to time investments 

As you saw in the example discussed earlier, you need not exercise your ESOPs right away after the vesting period. For instance, if the grant price is ₹500 per share and the current market price is ₹400 only, you can wait until the share price appreciates before exercising your ESOP. Essentially, you can time your investments so the market price is well above the grant price. This will allow you to reduce the investment cost and increase the profit margin in case you plan to cash in on the short-term gains from your investments. 

Summing Up

In conclusion, ESOPs offer several benefits to salaried employees. ESOPs provide an opportunity for wealth creation by increasing equity exposure in one's financial portfolio, allowing for long-term wealth accumulation. Additionally, ESOPs foster a sense of ownership and belongingness with the company, as employees directly contribute to its growth and share in its success. Furthermore, ESOPs provide flexibility in timing investments, allowing employees to maximize profits by exercising options when market prices exceed the grant price. Overall, ESOPs can be a valuable tool for employees to enhance their financial well-being and align their interests with the company's success.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is an ESOP & what are its advantages and disadvantages?

ESOP or Employee Stock Option Plan is a benefit scheme that companies offer employees in order to retain the top talent within the firm. They give select employees the option to buy the company’s shares at a lower price after a predetermined vesting period. 

The benefits of ESOPs for employees include a better chance at wealth creation as well as a sense of ownership in the company. While there may not be any major downsides, ESOPs do come with tax implications on the capital gains that you earn when you sell your holdings. 

2. How does an employer benefit from an ESOP?

ESOPs improve employee retention and reduce employee turnover. ESOPs also help employers reward hard work in the form of equity rather than cash, thus saving the need to cause an immediate cash outflow.

3.What are ESOPs in salary?

ESOPs are offered by the company to their employees as a benefit scheme. With this, employees get the option to keep or encash their company stocks after a certain period. ESOPs help in retaining company talent as well as motivating employees.


Investment and securities are subject to market risks. Please read all the related documents carefully before investing. The contents of this article are for informational purposes only, and not to be taken as a recommendation to buy or sell securities, mutual funds, or any other financial products.
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