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What Are the 3 Major US Stock Exchanges?

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May 8, 2023


What’s Inside

In today’s times, investing in the stock market, understanding Mutual Funds, and finding the right schemes to invest your money is new to no investor. One such place is the stock exchange, where buyers and sellers trade stocks and other assets. The three major stock exchanges in the US are NYSE, i.e., New York Stock Exchange; NASDAQ, i.e., the Nasdaq Stock Market, and the Chicago Stock Exchange.

These exchanges are essential to the economy because they give investors a place to purchase and sell securities and a platform for businesses to acquire funds. Additionally, stock exchanges are essential to the operation of contemporary financial markets and facilitating capital allocation.

The 3 major stock exchanges in the US

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), the Nasdaq Stock Market, and the Chicago Stock Exchange are the three largest stock exchanges in the United States. Each of these exchanges has its distinct features and selling aspects that set it apart from the others.

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)

  • This is one of the world's oldest and largest stock exchanges. The NYSE, founded in 1792, is home to some of the world's largest and most well-known corporations, including Coca-Cola, Apple, and Goldman Sachs.
  • The NYSE's distinctive trading floor, where dealers physically exchange stocks using hand gestures and verbal cues, is one of its most prominent characteristics.
  • The NYSE's market capitalisation, or the entire worth of all the listed businesses on the exchange, is over $30 trillion, making it one of the largest exchanges in the world.
  • The exchange has also embraced contemporary technology, with the bulk of trading now taking place online.

The Nasdaq Stock Market

  • NASDAQ is one of the major stock exchanges in the US, specialising in technology and growth companies.
  • Unlike the NYSE, the Nasdaq operates entirely electronically, with no physical trading floor.
  • The exchange was founded in 1971 and is known for its innovative technology, allowing faster and more efficient trading.
  • The Nasdaq is home to many of the world's most well-known technology companies, including Apple, Microsoft, and Amazon.
  • The exchange's market capitalisation is over $12 trillion, making it one of the largest exchanges in the world.

The Chicago Stock Exchange

  • This is a smaller exchange than the NYSE and Nasdaq, but it has unique features that set it apart.
  • Founded in 1882, the Chicago Stock Exchange specialises in exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and derivatives.
  • The exchange strongly focuses on innovation and technology, with various trading tools and platforms designed to help investors make informed decisions.
  • The Chicago Stock Exchange has also embraced environmental, social, and governance (ESG) investing, offering a variety of ESG-focused ETFs.
  • The exchange has a market capitalisation of around $50 billion.


Each of the major US stock exchanges has unique features and selling points that cater to different investors. While the NYSE is known for its iconic trading floor and large market capitalisation, the Nasdaq is known for its focus on technology and growth companies. The Chicago Stock Exchange is known for its specialisation in ETFs and derivatives. Together, these exchanges provide investors with a range of investment opportunities and contribute to the efficient functioning of the global financial system.

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. How many stock exchanges are in the US?

There are multiple stock exchanges in the United States, but the major ones are the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), Nasdaq Stock Market, and Chicago Stock Exchange. Additionally, there are several other smaller exchanges, such as the Boston Stock Exchange and the Miami Stock Exchange.

2. What is the USA stock exchange?

A US stock exchange is a marketplace where stocks and securities are bought and sold. Examples include NYSE, Nasdaq, and CBOE, where companies like Apple and Amazon are traded.


Investment and securities are subject to market risks. Please read all the related documents carefully before investing. The contents of this article are for informational purposes only, and not to be taken as a recommendation to buy or sell securities, mutual funds, or any other financial products.
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