The amount of taxes that the assessee (individuals obliged to submit an income tax self-assessment return) owes on the requisite income after subtracting Advance Tax and TDS for the specific financial year is the meaning of Self Assessment Tax. Taxpayers should appropriately determine their tax liability and pay any unpaid balance as Self Assessment Tax.
When it comes to Self Assessment Tax (SAT) in India, there is no specific deadline for payment since it is calculated at the end of the fiscal year. Unlike other taxes with fixed due dates, SAT allows some flexibility. However, to avoid Self Assessment Tax Challan, making the SAT payment before filing your income tax return is recommended.
SAT mainly applies to individuals who don't have taxes deducted at source. This includes self-employed individuals, freelancers, landlords, and those with additional sources of income. By paying SAT, individuals ensure their total tax liability is met, even if their income isn't subject to TDS.
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The amount of taxes that the assessee owes on the requisite income after subtracting Advance Tax and TDS for the specific financial year is referred to as Self Assessment Tax.
Self Assessment Tax is an additional payment made by individuals when the tax deducted at source (TDS) or advance tax is insufficient to cover their total tax liability. For example, if someone's tax liability is Rs. 50,000 but only Rs. 30,000 is deducted through TDS, they must pay the remaining Rs. 20,000 as Self Assessment Tax. This can be done through online or physical payment at an authorised bank.
Self Assessment Tax is utilised to address any shortfall in the tax amount that individuals owe after considering the tax deductions made at source (TDS) or advance tax payments. It ensures that individuals accurately calculate and fulfil their total tax liability per applicable tax laws. By paying the Self Assessment Tax, individuals demonstrate their compliance with tax regulations and avoid penalties or interest charges for underpayment. It provides a mechanism for individuals to rectify discrepancies between the amount already deducted or paid and their actual tax liability, ensuring fairness and accuracy in the tax system.
The journal entry for recording the payment of Self Assessment Tax in income tax would typically involve debiting the "Income Tax Expense" or "Income Tax Payable" account and crediting the "Bank" or "Cash" account.
Debit: Income Tax Expense/Income Tax Payable (with the amount of Self Assessment Tax paid)
Credit: Bank/Cash (with the same amount)