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How to Calculate Per Month Salary with an Example?

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Created on
January 27, 2023


What’s Inside

It may be a cakewalk for some working professionals, but many of us still need help calculating our per month salary! The dizzying array of complicated terms, tax implications, and several payslip components usually stump us.

What are the Key Components of Salary?

1. Basic Salary

Basic pay is the most important part of your salary. Other salary components such as HRA, PF, etc. are calculated as a percentage of your basic pay. Companies limit the basic pay to 40-50% of your CTC to reduce the tax liability because the entire amount is taxable.

2. Allowances

Employers offer various allowances as part of the CTC, including those derived from basic salary and those assigned independently. Some allowances, such as HRA and LTA, also offer tax exemptions and can reduce your net tax payable amount. While there is no fixed rule for assigning allowance heads, the following are common.

3. Bonuses

Companies offer annual or bi-annual/quarterly incentives to incentivize employee performance. These incentives are based on individual performance and compensation structure and are part of the annual CTC.

4. Indirect Benefits

Employers may offer indirect benefits such as health insurance, meal vouchers, and digital subscriptions, in addition to direct payments in your salary account. These benefits are usually not included in the net take-home salary, but are a part of your CTC and gross salary.

5. Deductibles

Some salary components are not paid to you, such as income tax, professional tax, and contributions to your retirement in the form of an Employee Provident Fund and gratuity. These deductions are calculated based on your overall CTC, the company’s exempted allowances, and your individual tax-saving instruments. Although you receive these funds only upon retirement or leaving the job, they are still part of your CTC.

An Example on How to Calculate Per Month Salary

  • Before we get to the actual computation, there are two types of salary calculations; gross and net:
  • Gross Salary – It's the sum of all your salary heads minus the EPF and Gratuity. Net Salary – It's your gross salary minus taxes deducted.
  • Here's an assumption of a salary structure with a CTC of ₹10,00,000.
  • So, knowing what we know about gross salary now, we need to add all the components except the PF and Gratuity. Easy peasy, your gross salary in this example is ₹9,31,000 per annum. Divide this by 12, and you get a per month salary (gross) of ₹77,583.33.
  • When you subtract the TDS deducted by the employer (as per your tax slab), you will end up with the in-hand or take-home salary.  


While the concept is simple, calculating the actual per month salary may be challenging due to a complicated salary structure, variable allowances, company payout policies, and tax liability. Once you've figured things out, you'll need to stash it somewhere secure yet easily accessible!

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. How do you calculate salary?

You can calculate gross salary by adding all the components that are paid to you. These include basic pay, allowances (such as HRA, LTA, conveyance allowance, medical allowance, etc.), direct benefits (such as bonuses), and indirect benefits (such as insurance and meal vouchers). Remember to discount the contributions to EPF, gratuity, and taxes. Online salary calculators are a great tool to do this instantly with minimal manual effort.

2. What is net salary?

It's your gross salary minus the taxes deducted per your liability. The tax is usually calculated per the annual income and discounts your voluntary investments applicable for an exemption. However, employers deduct TDS monthly by calculating your yearly tax payable and dividing it by 12.


Fi Money is not a bank; it offers banking services through licensed partners and investment services through epiFi Wealth Pvt. Ltd. and its partners. This post is for information only and is not professional financial advice.
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